The prostate is a gland that is about the size of a walnut. It lies below a man's bladder and surrounds the first part of the urethra (a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis). Its function is to produce some of the fluid that makes up semen. It also produces a protein called PSA that liquefies the semen.
It is common for the prostate to enlarge when men get older. This starts from about 40 years of age and can cause urinary problems. Our doctors can help you manage these problems. Please make an appointment with one of them if you have the following symptoms:
- weak urinary stream
- frequent urination
- pain or burning during urination
- difficulty starting and maintaining a steady stream or difficulty stopping
- increased urination at night
- blood in urine
Prostate cancer occurs mainly in men aged 60 years or older. The risk is greater in those with a father or brother who have had prostate cancer. Most men with a prostate problem do not have prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer can be slow or fast growing tumours. Slow growing tumours are common and may not cause symptoms or shorten life. About 90% of prostate cancer is found in men aged 60 years or older and two thirds of them who die from prostate cancer are over 75 years old.
Please make an appointment with your doctor today if you think you have these symptoms.