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Understanding your risk of developing health problems is a first step toward good health.
High-quality preventive care is an important part of staying healthy. Regular physical checks and routine health screening tests help to monitor your health. They can help ensure that common, serious health concerns and conditions like diabetes, cancer, or heart disease are detected and treated early. During check-ups, your health care providers can also suggest ways to make lifestyle changes. These changes may healp you to come healthier and prevent future problems.
A useful website containing information about a range of conditions is healthinfo. https://www.healthinfo.org.nz
Please click on a topic to find out more.
- Stop Smoking
- Heart Disease
- Routine and Personal Health Checks
- Contraception and Sexual Health
- Prostate Cancer
Basic Health Care Recommendations
Tetanus, Diphtheria - At age 45 & 65 unless had in past 10 years.
Rubella - Check immunity before planning pregnancy.
Influenza (Flu shot) - Annually.
Pneumococcal (Pneumonia vaccine) - Once every five years for all adults over age 64, and younger adults with chronic illnesses or who have had pneumonia in the past.
Cardiovascular Risk Assessment (Lipids/Cholesterol and Diabetes) to reduce your risk of having a stroke or heart attack in the next 5 years.
The age to start CVRA (a blood test every 2-3 years)
Men age 45 - asymptomatic without known risk factors
Men age 35 - Maori, Pacific peoples or those from Indian subcontient
Men age 35 - with other known risk factors
Women age 55 - asymptomatic without known risk factors
Women age 45 - Maori, Pacific peoples or those from Indian subcontient
Women age 45 - with other known risk factors
Other Risk Factors
- Family history risk factors - diabetes in first degree relative (parent, brother or sister)
- Heart disease or stroke in first degree relative (father or brother < 55, mother or sister < 65 )
- Personal history risk factors -
1) Those who smoke or who have quit only in last 12 months
2) Gestational diabetes
3) Blood pressure 160/95 or over
4) Cholesterol ratio 7 or over
5) Impaired glucose/prediabetic
6) Obesity (BMI 30 or over)
7) Waist circumference - over 100cm for men and over 90cm women
8) Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Diabetics - CVRA annually
- STI/HIV Risk Assessment - as needed and pregnant women screened for STI/HIV infection
- Smoking - ask your doctor or nurse for help to quit smoking today! Or phone quitline 0800 778 778
- Alcohol/Other Drugs - discuss with your doctor or nurse...we can help.
At least 20 minutes - 5 times per week or as recommended by your medical provider.
All females who are in or have had a new sexual relationship.
At least 1200mg calcium, including supplements, daily and Vitamin D-800-1000 units daily for postmenopausal women and men age 50 and older.
Family History Update
Each year you should review your family medical history with your doctor.
Review your medications and any allergies with your medical providers at every visit.
Vitamins & Herbal Supplements
You should have an open discussion regarding any vitamin and herbal supplement used with your doctor or nurse.
An important part of health care planning is to be sure your loved ones know your wishes for your end-of-life care. Review your advance directives at least once a year.
Each individual needs to make choices about what is best for his/her own health. This information provides steps to good health, including standard screening tests used to look for signs of a particular disease.
Talk to your doctor or practice nurse about which screenings and recommendations are right for you and how to make routine health care and screening a regular part of your life.