News » Do you have Pre-diabetes?
Posted by on 4 July 2014
Pre-diabetes occurs when the glucose (sugar) in your blood is higher than normal, but not high enough to be called diabetes. Pre-diabetes very often leads to diabetes. An annual blood test can help with early detection of pre-diabetes.
By the time you are diagnosed with diabetes, you have lost about 1/2 of your beta cells. Beta cells are needed to make insulin. Insulin transports glucose/sugar from the blood stream to be used by your body for energy. If you don't have enough insulin and/or your blood vessels are surrounded by too much fat, it is difficult for insulin to do its job. Too much glucose/sugar left in blood vessels damages them which leads to the complications of diabetes, such as eye, kidney, nerve and heart damage.
Once diabetes is diagnosed, you lose 4% of your beta cells per year. The following are some tips on how you can prevent pre-diabetes developing and conserve your beta cells.
Keep your weight under control.
Avoid foods high in fat, sugars and salt.
Eat plenty of vegetables, fruit, wholegrain cereals and breads.
Eat 30-40 grams of fibre per day.
Be sensible with how much you eat.
Limit the amount of alcohol you drink.
Keep active, move every opportunity you get - exercise!
*information retrieved from Diabetes NZ